The corporation presented a brain computer (neural interface) able to control electronic and mechatronic devices at Innoprom 2015 exhibition in Ekaterinburg. The technology is a breakthrough in medicine in terms of prosthetic care and rehabilitation of people with special needs, who suffer from different motoric disorders, as well as of the development of robotics in Russia on the whole.   “We are developing an up-to-date technology for the communication between a person and electronic and mechatronic devices”, comments the manager of R&D in the sphere of manufacturing medical equipment at the United Instrument Manufacturing Corporation Alexander Kulish. “It is based on converting the intentions of the user, reflected in electric signals of the brain, into commands. Quite soon, people will be able to control robotic prostheses and exoskeletons with their brains. In the distant future, such technologies will allow controlling land and airborne robots”.

It is the Bruk Institute of Electronic Control Machines (IECM), which is developing the new technology. The invention takes the advantage of adaptive digital processing of electric activity of the brain and noninvasive operation. The know-how is special dry electrodes built in a helmet interface, which allows registering the intentions of a person with high precision and without direct contact with the brain.

“This is part of a large comprehensive project on developing advanced biomedical technologies, which we are implementing together with the leading Russian R&D facilities”, says Alexander Kulish. “The “brain computer” is being tested at the moment. At the same time, we are testing a neuromuscular interface, which should register electric signals from the muscles. Prototypes of bionic robotic exoprostheses controlled with those interfaces have been manufactured, and in 2016 IECM is to launch their serial production. All those solutions are based on the latest achievements in the area of computer technologies, material science, robotics, neural physiology, and neural psychology. They will provide totally new capabilities to the people with special needs who cannot live the full life and move”.

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